What Happens After Mediation
(PART 3 OF A 3-PART SERIES)
Upon the completion of a mediation session, one of three results typically occurs:
3.Ongoing settlement negotiations
A few comments regarding these 3 outcomes is worth noting.
1. Settlement: The Agreement is binding
Assuming the case settles at mediation, clients must understand that the Mediation Settlement Agreement is a binding contract which can be enforced in a court of law, and that the parties may not later change their minds. If a party tries to wiggle out of a Mediation Settlement Agreement, the Settlement Agreement will likely be enforced by the Court and sanctions may be entered against the party trying to get out of the agreement reached at mediation. Sanctions may include attorney fees and paying the entire cost of the mediation session, which is typically split between the parties. Also, attempting to add new terms to the settlement post mediation is not advised. If one party wants confidentiality and/or non-disparagement language in a settlement and/or release agreement, it is best to make sure these terms are discussed during the actual mediation session before a final settlement is reached so everyone is on the same page.
2. No Settlement: A “Mediator’s Proposal.”
Sometimes after a mediation session in which a case does not settle, one party may have second thoughts. Do not hesitate to re-engage the mediator to have additional settlement negotiations post-mediation. Also, following a failed mediation session, do not hesitate to contact the mediator soliciting a “Mediator’s Proposal.” Typically, during a mediation process, the mediator comes up with his or her own evaluation on how a case should resolve. If the parties are unable to reach an agreement during a mediation session, sometimes a Mediator’s Proposal post mediation can lead to a settlement.
3. Ongoing Settlement Negotiations: “If at first you don’t succeed…”.
If settlement negotiations remain ongoing between the parties after mediation, do not hesitate to further involve the mediator with these ongoing settlement discussions. Sometimes the mediator can influence third parties, such as lien holders, subrogation carriers, and others, to help facilitate a settlement post-mediation. Also, do not forget that if a case does not settle at the original mediation session, sometimes the second or third mediation can be the charm. Complex cases with multiple parties often require 2 and 3 mediation sessions before a case can be resolved. Lack of a settlement at the first mediation should not be viewed as a failure, but merely the first step on the path toward resolution.
About the Author:
Mr. Fitzharris is a registered civil mediator, and a member of The National Academy of Distinguished Neutrals, and the Defense Trial Counsel of Indiana. With nearly thirty years of litigation experience, he has represented major litigants in numerous mediations, arbitrations, jury trials, and bench trials.
He can be reached at (260) 423-8874 or at firstname.lastname@example.org.