Thresholds for State and Federal Employment Law Coverage

Businesses must follow different state and federal employment laws based on the number of employees. This can be confusing, as different laws have different thresholds. Below is a listing of the thresholds for each applicable state and federal law.


  • Unemployment = 1 employee
  • Worker’s Compensation = 1 employee
  • State minimum wage = 2 employees
  • Indiana Civil Rights (Ind. Code 22-9 et seq.) = 6 employees
    • Age and disability discrimination


  • Social Security = 1 employee
  • OHSA = 1 employee
  • Federal Minimum Wage = 1 employee
  • Civil Rights (Title VII) = 15 employees
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) = 15 employees
  • Age Discrimination = 20 employees
  • COBRA (Health Insurance Extension) = 20 employees
  • Family Leave (under the Family Medical Leave Act) = 50 employees

Business owners and human resource professionals should keep this list readily available. As a business grows or contracts it will need to be mindful of the applicable state and federal laws that apply to the business. Click here for a downloadable .pdf chart of the thresholds. For more information about Employment Law coverage, contact a member of the Labor & Employment group at Barrett McNagny. 

The author Rachel K. Steinhofer focuses her practice in the areas of: Labor and Employment RelationsLitigation Services and Medical Malpractice Defense

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